All publications on "Energy & Climate"

The Future of Europe and the Future of Climate Action


The EU is still getting to grips with the need to transition to a fully decarbonised economy, the political economy challenges of deep decarbonisation, the need to develop a regime to manage climate risk, and with aligning its own efforts with those of non-state actors such as cities and progressive businesses. How does climate governance fit within the ‘Future of Europe’ process led by the European Commission?

European power market integration. Poland and regional development in the Baltic Sea

The goal of this study is to show the impact of the energy transition and of the market design change in Germany on the competitiveness of the Polish power market. The analysis discusses how to increase security of supply by strengthening the Polish market with low-cost, high-efficient and environmentally friendly solutions as well as qualifies the value of closer cooperation between the German and Polish power markets.

Annual Report 2014

Annual Report 2014  provides information about activities of the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung worldwide. It explores issues of (gender) democracy, human rights, European policies, social and environmental transformation, art, culture etc.

Green News on shale gas

Poland is in a crucial and complex situation deciding upon its future national energy strategy. The discussion about the possibilities and potentials of shale gas extraction in Poland is triggered by concerns of a balanced and sustainable energy mix, national independence and security, economic prosperity or public consultation. “US shale gas revolution” often serves as a shining example to its own socioeconomic developments. But what do we know about its realities? A variety of comments, interviews and reports from the Foundation's study trip can be found in a bilingual issue of the Magazine "Green News".

TIME TO ACT - How the EU Can Lead on Climate Change and Migration

The report debunks some common myths and provides an understanding of key characteristics of migration in the context of climate change. With a focus on EU policies and legal frameworks in the area of migration and asylum policies, the report presents a series of policy recommendations to the EU. It highlights that by creating legal immigration channels, the EU can avoid the distress and deaths of persons en route to Europe. The EU should set up rules of how and when to provide refuge and protection during increasingly severe climate linked disasters.

German energy transition

Germany has drawn a lot of attention for the Energiewende - the aim to switch to a renewable energy economy, phase out nuclear power and leave fossil fuels behind. But what exactly is the German energy transition: How does it works and what challenges lay ahead? Please explore the special multilingual web dossier with a comprehensive report, glossary, interactive blog, mediabox. This website is intended to provide facts and explain the politics and policies to an international audience (available in seven languages, inc. Polish). The report highlights the effects of the Energiewende on the German economy, environment and society and addresses the most important questions.

Renewables: The Only Path to a Secure, Affordable and Climate-friendly Energy System by 2030

Economic and environmental goals sometimes appear to require opposite paths of action. This paper by Uwe Nestle demonstrates, however, that there is a single solution to Europe’s threefold challenges of achieving climate protection goals while ensuring security of supply and affordable energy for a competitive economy: an expansion in the share of renewable energy.
Renewables not only drastically reduce emissions; they also create jobs and offer real medium- and long-term savings to the European economy.

Greening the Heartlands of Coal in Europe

In 2013, the Heinrich Böll Foundation, in cooperation with Ecologic Institute, invited experts from the Czech Republic, Germany and Poland to discuss the prospects for better cross-border cooperation arising from Germany’s energy transition.The report outlines key observations made by the experts, and helps to identify key questions requiring further investigation. By addressing the information gaps and core issues – such as electricity markets, loop flows and renewable energy support schemes – the report is an impulse for a deeper debate in future. The recommendations illustrate the importance of stronger collaboration where there are shared interests, which we would like to encourage.

Marginal Oil

This paper was prepared as a background document for the strategy meeting. It describes the drivers behind marginal oil investments and gives an overview of existing and potential projects across the globe. Since it contains important analysis that we believe should be public knowledge, we have decided to publish it and hope it will productively feed into the ongoing debate, from Cancun to Durban to Rio and beyond.

The Economics of Nuclear Power: An Update

Steve Thomas shows the true cost of nuclear power and makes it clear that nuclear energy in the free market economy without government support is not competitive. He shows his point on examples such as Olkiluoto and Flamanville – installations that were or are built longer then projected – and for much bigger money. He also highlights the costs of operating a nuclear power plant, like fuel prices or waste disposal.

Myths of Nuclear Power

The book, “Myths of Nuclear Power: How the Energy Lobby is Pulling the Wool Over our Eyes" delivers the long-overdue, nuclear critical know-how for the debate, pointing to alternatives, and unmasks nuclear energy for what it is: an irresponsible and expensive high-risk technology. It shows how nuclear diverts limited funds from renewable energy, that is better suited to help fight climate change and debunks such myths of its proponents, as if there were no problems with nuclear waste disposal or limited resources of uranium. They argue that there is no renaissance of nuclear energy in the world, therefore it is not a future-oriented way of giving power to the world.

Reaching Energy Security in Europe through Renewables

Meeting 100% of Europe’s electricity needs through renewable energy by 2050 is possible – if we succeed in pooling the potential of Europe’s renewable energy sources. The Heinrich Böll Foundation asked a number of experts to take stock of European policy in the sectors most important for the transition to renewable energy, to identify the areas in which European cooperation has been inadequate to date, and to propose possible solutions. In this publication two Polish experts, Grzegorz Wiśniewski and Dr. Zbigniew M. Karaczun, consider how the collective use of renewable energies by European countries in electric power generation can improve energy security in Europe.

What Future for International Climate Politics?

This paper articulates concrete proposals and puts forward ideas for devising smarter strategies that make engagement by civil society in international climate policy more effective. We have prepared the synthesis of the report in questions and answers. Please get acquainted with the proposals for changes.

The Development Plan for Microgeneration for Poland Based on Renewable Energy Sources until 2020

This study is the first attempt at a more precise specification of a plan for the development of a “national roadmap” for microgeneration based on renewable energy sources, including energy and heat sources, in Polish households. The “roadmap” focuses on the presentation of the current situation of microgeneration based on renewable energy sources in households and the real path for their development until 2020.


Our main goal is to deepen public debate on democracy, human rights, energy and climate, as well as international politics - and we place special emphasis on Eastern Partnership. We publish reports, analyses and articles, all available for free in PDF format. Enjoy reading, and feel free to comment!


Reconnecting Europe

Blog Reconnecting Europe

The European Union is drifting apart. What can we do to reconnect citizens and EU Institutions, north and south, centre and periphery? Four bloggers from Bulgaria, Germany, Spain and the UK share their ideas.

A comprehensive dossier on energy & climate politics, including regional analyses from international offices of the Heinrich Böll Foundation, climate finance, green economy and many more related topics.

"Green Growth, Smart Growth" - a new book by Ralf Fücks