Energy security was the underlying idea behind the Energy Union which originally merely sought to reduce dependence on natural gas supplies from Russia. Over time, however, the Energy Union gradually evolved to become a way to boost European competitiveness, provide an impulse for innovation, contribute to climate policy, as well as ensure sustainable socio-economic modernisation. Energy was the foundation of the European Community – will Energy Union emerge as a driver of European cooperation in the spirit of solidarity, strengthening the European Union as a whole?
The Baltic Sea region can be the role model for the rest of Europe and provide an example of how to deliver a truly regional renewable energy onto the power market. This is what the was agreed among the participants of the policy breakfast organised in the European Parliament on the 1st December following the publication of the European Commission’s winter package.
At the UN’s COP 22 climate conference in Marrakech, the international community closed ranks despite (or perhaps because of?) the election of Donald Trump as the next U.S. president. Thanks to its swift ratification by currently more than 110 countries, negotiations on the technical implementation of the Paris Agreement could begin. The pace must increase significantly, however, if the 1.5°C limit is still to be met.
As it is in Ohio and elsewhere in the United States, the coal industry in Poland is declining amid economic and environmental pressures. And the industry’s political and cultural importance is prompting calls for government action to save it.
The energy sector in Ukraine is undergoing a fundamental transition. Yet, to overcome old structures and deep-rooted corruption, Ukraine needs a clear long-term strategy on the transition to green economy and sustainable energy. German and the EU technical support can play a key role in this process.
Raport ukazuje powiązania między polityką zagraniczną a kwestiami bezpieczeństwa i energetyki oraz analizuje i proponuje rozwiązania w kontekście zmieniających się realiów społecznych, politycznych i ekonomicznych po obu stronach Atlantyku.
Globally, political leaders are lauding the acceptance of the global and legally binding Paris Agreement on Climate Change at COP 21 as a historical moment. It achieves a goal long believed unattainable. However, judged against the enormity of the challenge and the needs and pressure from people on the ground demanding a global deal anchored in climate justice (“system change, not climate change!”), the Paris Agreement can only be called a collective failure and disappointment. Read a critical assessment by hbs colleagues from around the world.
Rebecca Harms, the president of The Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament, has commented on the Energy Union project proposed by the then Prime Minister Donald Tusk. In an interview with EurActiv Poland, she introduces a green perspective into the discourse on the project and ponders on its impact on Eastern neighbours as well as climate change.
Polish authorities find it hard to decide what to do with their current nuclear program, once announced as the great hope for its energy system. No decision at the moment looks like a deliberate strategy although it will not solve the problems of Polish energy supply, as Michał Olszewski explains.
Shale gas boom in the USA is widely discussed in Poland. Therefore, the Heinrich Böll Foundation organised a study tour for Polish activists, journalists and experts to USA in order to show them the results of the effects of natural gas exploration on local communities along the Marcellus Shale. One of the participants, Tomasz Ulanowski wrote an article about environmental, social, economic and political aspects of drilling in Pennsylvania.
The World Nuclear Industry Status Report is an annual comprehensive overview of nuclear power plant data, including information on operation, production and construction. How are its conclusions relevant for Poland? How can we estimate the country’s nuclear power programme? The Heinrich Böll Foundation in Warsaw is pleased to be hosting on 27.10.2014 a meeting with the main author of the report, Mycle Schneider, as well as a discussion about the future of energy in Poland and the wider world.
In order to greenwash its coal power plants and fulfill EU requirements, Poland co-fires biomass with coal. While this is a phenomenon common in many European countries, Michał Olszewski argues that it does not make sense for the environment and helps coal companies.
The Polish government has undertaken the nuclear power program, which aims at the construction of at least three nuclear power units before 2030. However, large costs of nuclear power stations and the associated costs of the transmission system upgrade to accommodate the electricity produced by large nuclear units rise doubts if such a program can be implemented in accordance to the time table and whether the Polish energy users can with stand very high electricity prices.
Poland's experience with nuclear energy, although not particularly extensive, is nevertheless interesting. The first small experimental reactors were turned on over fifty years ago in Świerk near Warsaw. They served as a training ground for an emerging body of national nuclear energy specialists. The government of the Polish People's Republic had set its sights on the significant development of this field in our country. After years of preparations, the decision to build the first nuclear power station in Poland was taken.
Prof. Żmijewski confines a mult-dimension analysis of Polish Nuclear Power Programme with regard to economic aspects, investment costs, market offer, operating costs, decommissioning costs, social aspects, effect on employment and on economic development of the country, development of grid connections, political aspects, feasibility and many more.