Who does what in the field of migration & integration in Poland – a Stakeholder Analysis

Poland does not have much experience with accommodating foreigners, nor with their integration. For decades, it was a country of emigrants, with relatively high numbers of foreigners beginning to settle there after the collapse of the communist system and after Poland’s accession to the European Union, but these were no mass movements. It is only since 2014 that a sharp increase in migration to Poland has occurred, the main reason being the eruption of the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Migration has also been driven by the upturn in the Polish economy, as well as relatively liberal regulations on the foreigners’ access to the labour market.
Since 2015, political changes regarding the approach to migration, especially forced migrants, have also been introduced. Migration has become a political issue since the debate on how to solve the socalled refugee crisis coincided with the campaign for parliamentary elections in Poland in 2015. The government announced it would develop a new migration policy. According to the guidelines which are already known to the public, Poland will continue to receive migrant workers in order to offset the effects of demographic changes and meet the needs of the labour market. This publication analyses the current development of migration and integration policy in Poland and presents key actors of its implementation.

Product details
Date of Publication
Mai 2019
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Number of Pages
All rights reserved
Language of publication
Table of contents

Executive Summary 5
1. Introduction 7
1.1. Statistical data 7
1.2. Changes to migration policy 8
1.3. The “refugee crisis” in public discourse 11
2. Measures to improve the integration of migrants 13
2.1. Migration and integration in research and in the media 13
A. Academic and research centres 13
B. Non-governmental organisations active in the field of migration and integration 14
C. The media 14
2.2. Action by central authorities 15
A. Ministries and central offices 15
B. Interministerial cooperation and the development of migration policy 15
C. Action taken by public entities to facilitate the integration of foreigners 16
2.3. Cities as integration labs 18
2.4. Civil society 21
2.5. The labour market and social partners 24
3. Conclusions and summary 25
Appendix. Stakeholders: Detailed Information 28
Literature 42
About the Author 44
About the Foundation 44