Dossier: Europe's future after Brexit

Dossier: Europe's future after Brexit

Red bus - London, UK / EU (Europe) flagRed bus - London, UK / EU (Europe) flag. Photo:

For the first time in the EU's history, a member state has voted to leave the European Union, with 52 percent of the British voters favoring a "Brexit". Since the surprising results were announced, Prime Minister David Cameron as well as the leaders of the Brexit campaign, Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage, have stepped down, leaving the country in political turmoil.

In our dossier, we want to explore the international reactions: How are the EU member states as well as the US, Russia and Asian governments responding to the Brexit decision? What will be the long and short term implications for other member states and the future of the European Union?


Is the EU the cause of the injustices we face? Prof. Zygmunt Bauman discusses Brexit and the impact it has on the world.

National views on Brexit

Talk of Brexit dominated the recent NATO summit in the Polish capital. Britain, the European Union and the rest of the allies will have to redefine their relations in the spheres of data exchange and secret service cooperation – operations which are pertinent to issues such as the war on terrorism".
Monument mermaid in Warsaw

With Britain leaving the EU Poland is loosing one of its most important security policy allies. At the same time up to a million polish migrants in Britain are facing an uncertain future as they were already being used as scapegoats in the Brexit campaign.

David Cameron and Bohuslav Sobotka

The government accepted the result with disappointment, while many in opposition saw it as an inspiration. Yet the post-Brexit debate might just as well be an opportunity to anchor the Czech Republic more deeply in the European Union.

Round Table: Ministers and State Secretaries for European Affairs

On 1 July 2016 Slovakia assumed the Presidency of the EU Council. The government had been planning to implement the agreement reached between the UK and the EU in February 2016. But now they have to deal with the fact that Great Britain is leaving the European Union.

A demonstration opposite Downing Street in September 2013, to protest Vladimir Putin's signing into law the prohibition of 'promotion' of homosexuality in Russia.

For a long time, the construction of the EU has been incomprehensible and aggravating for Moscow. The EU without Great Britain could be much more pleasant for Russia.

Container ship at sea

The UK’s divorce from the EU has diminished the hope of both the British and the Chinese in placing the UK as a spring board to the whole European market. Beijing is losing its newly acquired “best partner in the West”.

Double-decker buses came to India in 1937. They show the influence of Britain.

After the UK vote for leaving the European Union, India, with historically close ties to Britain has to reassess its relations with both sides. A weakening of either the EU or the UK is against India's interests, which could lead to a revivification of the Commonwealth and to new multilateral free trade areas.

India has most to lose, from both the geopolitical and geoeconomic perspective, of any weakening of Britain and European Union that could alter the balance of power in Eurasia and the Indo-Pacific to the detriment of India’s interests.
Trump kissing Johnson: Street Art against the Brexit decision

Hillary Clinton should be warned by the British referendum: Similar to the Brexit movement, Trump’s campaign benefits from anti-immigrant sentiment and anger over the “political elites” and “mainstream media”.

International politics

The international political order has undergone fundamental changes in recent years. The European Union wants to, and should, play an important and active role within these changes. However, political declarations do not suffice in light of the challenges and present divisions. We support the activities of governments and EU institutions towards closer cooperation in international politics. Furthermore, we create space for the debates and disputes of member states representing different interests. From the Warsaw point of view we particularly stress relations with our Eastern neighbours, such as Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. In terms of security policy, we underline respect for human rights and democratic control over armed forces.

Reconnecting Europe

Blog Reconnecting Europe

The European Union is drifting apart. What can we do to reconnect citizens and EU Institutions, north and south, centre and periphery? Four bloggers from Bulgaria, Germany, Spain and the UK share their ideas.

EU projects of the Heinrich Böll Foundation

Brexit leave UK referendum

The referendum on UK's membership in the EU marks a unprecedented turning point in the history of the EU. Its effects cannot entirely be foreseen but it shows the current problem areas of the European integration project.

Locks above the river Seine

The three-word motto cited by Hollande in his statement could serve as a summary of what is needed after the Brexit: “freedom, solidarity, and peace”.

Pro-European officials and commentators hope that such an initiative will also include a new political narrative in a belated effort to win back public opinion. The three-word motto cited by Hollande in his statement could serve as a summary of what is needed “freedom, solidarity, and peace”.
Photo of the uhngarian flag and the european flag

While Great Britain’s future departure from the European Union is a sizable loss to Hungary in both political and economic terms, the Hungarian government is trying to cash in on increasing popular dissatisfaction with Brussels.

Debate: " Relationship with a past: how to restore faith in the European Union?" - video

Debate: " Relationship with a past: how to restore faith in the European Union?", "World in Focus", 4.06.2016Creative Commons License LogoThis image is licensed under Creative Commons License.

Video recording of a plenary session  held as part of "World in Focus. Warsaw International Gathering" (3-4.06.2016). Invited experts - Krzysztof Blusz, Sylvie Kauffmann, Prof. Jan Zielonka and Ivan Krastev - discuss the real causes for present divisions and progressing radicalisation as well as key challenges for Europe's integrity and well-being.

"If you want to commit a suicide as a political union, put the referendum on the table. The very fact that you come with an idea of the referendum on the EU, destroys one of the major assumptions behind the project, because in a strange way European Union is a self-fulfilling prophecy."
Ivan Krastev

Brexit's effects on various political areas

Brexit-Karte der EU

Great Britain will leave the EU. What does that mean for European Union going forward? What can be done to strengthen political unity within the Union? A commentary by Ralf Fücks.

Demonstrators dressed as dog, polar bear and penguin

What will Brexit mean for European climate and energy policy? How will it affect the dynamics of greater climate protection that we are taking pains to maintain in the wake of Paris?

Blog: Young Voices of Europe

Blog: Young Voices of EuropeBlog: Young Voices of Europe.

In this Blog young people from France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Slovakia, Sweden and the United Kingdom share their ideas about the current state of Europe, the rise of right-wing populism and their views on Brexit.