The report “Between the Past and Future. Poland and Germany in Eastern Europe” published in the framework of the project “German-Polish Roundtable on the East”, implemented in cooperation The Jan Nowak-Jeziorański College of Eastern Europe, by diving deep into Polish and German policies towards Eastern Europe, details why a good cooperation between the countries is needed to effectively respond to the emerging challenges and opportunities in the region (Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine). Furthermore, authors offer a set of concrete recommendations on how to overcome the existing Polish-German tensions and improve cooperation regarding the eastern dimension of their (foreign) policies.
The annexation of Crimea by Moscow, and then the provocation and support of the separatism in Eastern Ukraine were the beginning of an ongoing armed conflict. Two years ago in Minsk an agreement was made whose official objective was to restore peace in Eastern Ukraine. The analysis outlines the significance of this conflict in the context of discussions on the model of European security and of Russia’s policy on the West. The authors present the risks associated with the process of implementing the Minsk agreement and conclude with several conclusions for EU policy.